George Walford: Notes & References from Beyond Politics

Chapter 1: Introduction
1. Lamm 1984
2. Ibid

Chapter 2: Politics as Ideology
1. Marx and Engels 1970, 47
2. Marx and Engels 1978, 436
3. Ibid, 446
4. Gouldner 1985, 7
5. Woodcock 1963, 134
6. Marx and Engels 1978, footnote to the English Edition of 1888
7. SPGB 1969 20,21

Chapter 3: The British Political Series
1. Brand 1965, 1-12, 246
2. Samizdat November 1988
3. New Statesman 24 July 1987, Guardian 11 June 1987
4. Bentley 1987, 92, emphasis in the original
5. Ibid 987, 40
6. Guerin 1970, 55
7. Gilmour 1977, 151-167
8. Benn 1982, 34
9. Gilmour 1977, 65
10. Socialist Party of Great Britain, Principle No. 8
11. Gilmour 1977, 109,169,170
12. Burrow 1981, 131
13. Doolittle, quotation on title-page
14. Bullock & Shock 1967, xxxiv
15. Gilmour 1977, 110-111
16. Bentley 1987, 42, ix, xviii
17. Marx & Engels 1978, 62
18. Lenin 1973, 29, 28
19. Pecheux 1983. I cannot claim to have read this book; the quotation comes from the TLS September 30th 1983
20. Guerin 1971, 134

Chapter 4: The World Political Series
1. Hinton 1983, 704
2. Ibid, 250
3. Ibid, 704
4. Bentley 1987, 10

Chapter 5: From Politics to Ideology
1. By this use of ‘ethos’ I intend to bring out, in a less ‘philosophical’ way, the feature Walsby expressed by distinguishing between the form and the content of thinking.
2. Quoted by Geoffrey Hawthorn, in TLS 14 July 1989
3. Quoted in Bentley 1987, p.85
4. An earlier series of names for these six ideologies ran: protostatic, epistatic, parastatic, protodynamic, epidynamic and paradynamic; for some purposes these possess advantages over the ones used here.
5. Treglown 1989

Chapter 6: Ideology Beyond Politics
1. Newman 1986, 15-16, 27
2. Cohen 1960
3. Westfall 1980, 365-6

Chapter 7: The Beginnings
1. Flood 1983, 30
2. Turnbull 1984, plate 4
3. Service 1966, 94
4. Jacobs 1970, passim
5. Flood 1983, 237, 201, 205, 213
6. Leacock and Lee 1982, Introduction
7. Service 1966, 17, 24
8. Clark 1983, p.63
9. Socialist Party of Great Britain 1986, 14
10. Mithen 1988
11. Service 1975, 83
12. Barclay 1982, 49
13. Service 1966, 83
14. Barclay 1982, 15
15. Parsons 1977, 35, 36. Emphasis in the original.
16. Lowie 1937, 205
17. Burnford 1974, 103 also Freuchen 1962, 189
18. Service 1966, 13
19. Anthropology Today Vol 5 No.5, October 1989
20. Auden & Kronenberger 1964, 368
21. Boas 1911, 222
22. Hilliard 1968, 41, quoting an observation by Basedow in 1903.

Chapter 8: From Village to Empire
1. Childe 1936, 80
2. Service 1975, 16
3. Evans-Pritchard 1950, 5,7,90,110,134,180
4. Ibid, 5-181
5. Lawick-Goodall 1974, Index
6. Service 1966, 13
7. Service 1975, 271
8. Keegan & Holmes 1985, 206-7
9. Doyle 1986, 19,23
10. Service 1975, 193
11. Morris 1980, 316-7

Chapter 9: After the Empires
1. Cobban 1956, 14
2. Mill n.d. (c. 189-?), 20-21
3. Milligan 1987
4. Manuel 1973, passim
5. Morris 1980a, 33,442
6. Finlay 1958, 78
7. Ralph 1973, 48
8. Quoted in Mommsen 1981, 77-78
9. Mommsen 1981, 144-5

Chapter 10: The Eidodynamic
1. Walsby n.d.(c.196-?)
2. Humphrey 1983, 191-2
3. Mitchell 1990

Chapter 11: The Origins of Ideologies
1. Walsby 1947, 190-191
2. Ibid, 183-184. See also Appendix B. below.
3. Flood 1983, also Thomas 1959, 163
4. Williams & Hunn 1986, 5
5. Observer newspaper, 20 November 1988

Chapter 12: The Evolution of Ideology
1. To the extent that societies remain independent of each other the ideological groups of each have also to be reckoned as independent of those of the others. Only if ‘society’ be taken to mean one world-wide organisation can we reckon just one major ideological group on each level.
2. In thinking about levels of ideological development it needs to be borne in mind that a high death rate is seldom taken as a good thing and when we call a statement the height of absurdity this does not mean we think particularly well of it. ‘Higher’ is not a synonym for ‘better.’

Chapter 13: Conclusion
1. O’Sullivan 1976, 9

Appendices
1. Thomas 1977, 69,70
2. Bookchin 1977, 1
3. Ibid, 214
4. Ibid, 1978, 223
5. Thomas 1977, 528,657,6,65,68,73,119,277,277
6. Ibid, 471, 538, 60

Continue reading Beyond Politics by George Walford (1990):
Preface | Introduction | Politics as Ideology | The British Political Series | The World Political Series | From Politics to Ideology | Ideology Beyond Politics | The Beginnings | From Village to Empire | After The Empires | The Eidodynamic | The Origins of Ideologies | The Evolution of Ideology | Conclusion | Appendices | Notes & References | Select Bibliography | Index | Synopsis